Before & After

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BEFORE: Government of Canada Citizenship Program


Citizenship and Immigration Canada receives and processes applications for Canadian citizenship and grants Canadian citizenship to successful applicants that meet all requirements.

Delivered by: Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)

Eligibility Information

Adult applicants for citizenship must meet the following requirements:

  • be 18 years of age or older at the time of application
  • be permanent residents of Canada
  • have lived in Canada for at least three of the four years preceding their application
  • have an adequate knowledge of one of the official languages if between the ages of 18 and 54
  • pass a citizenship test if between the ages of 18 and 54
     

Other criteria may apply.

Minor applicants for citizenship must meet the following requirements:

  • be under 18 years of age at the time of application
  • be permanent residents of Canada
  • be the child of a Canadian citizen, or the child of a permanent resident who is applying for citizenship at the same time

Other criteria may apply.

Application Information

  • The citizenship application process currently takes up to 19 months to complete. Please refer to the CIC website for current information on application processing times.
  • Citizenship applications for minors must be submitted by a parent or legal guardian who is either already a citizen or is applying for citizenship at the same time.
  • All citizenship applications must be sent to the Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia, and include a Canadian address for subsequent correspondence.
  • The Client Application Status service enables citizenship applicants to view the status of their application online.
  • Application Forms and Guides.
     

Financial Information

  • There is a fee of $200 (tax included) to process Canadian citizenship applications from adults.
  • There is a fee of $100 (tax included) to process Canadian citizenship applications submitted for minors.
  • There is a fee of $100 (tax included) to process applications to renounce or resume Canadian citizenship.

 

 

 


AFTER: How to Become a Canadian Citizen


You must send an application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. If you qualify, you can become a Canadian citizen in less than 19 months. This page explains some of the basic rules you need to know.

Do I qualify?

If you are an adult, you must also be able to answer "yes" to these 3 questions:

  • Are you 18 years of age or older?
  • Have you lived in Canada for at least three of the four years before you apply?
  • Are you a permanent resident of Canada?

What is a permanent resident? It is someone who has immigrated to Canada and has government papers that allow them to live here. They have rights and privileges in Canada even though they are still citizens of their home country.


If you are an adult less than 55 years old, you must also:

  • Pass a written citizenship test. This will test you on how well you understand the rights and responsibilities of being a Canadian citizen, such as voting in our elections. You must also be able to answer questions about Canada's history, values, government and symbols.
  • Have a basic knowledge of English or French. For instance, you must talk with staff at Citizenship and Immigration Canada and take the citizenship test in English or French.
     

Every person who applies does NOT qualify for Canadian citizenship. Read more now about who can apply for Canadian citizenship.

Does my child qualify?

Children under age 18 must be permanent residents of Canada and the child of either:

  • a Canadian citizen, or
  • a permanent resident who is applying for citizenship.
     

How do I apply?

  • Complete, sign and send all applications to the Case Processing Centre in Sydney, Nova Scotia. Include your Canadian address. To learn more, download an application form and guide now.
  • To apply for a child, you must be a parent or legal guardian who is either already a citizen or also applying for citizenship.
     

What does it cost to apply?

This chart show the fees you must pay to apply for Canadian citizenship.

Fees for each adult $200 (tax included)
Fees for each child $100 (tax included)


Quick links

  • Discover Canada
  • Learn more about citizenship